Undoubtedly perishable products require to be transported, the contest of trucks with controlled temperature. Currently, thanks to globalization, there is a great exchange of food in fresh conditions.
This commercial exchange of fresh food has brought to the table of family products that until recently were unknown. However, to ensure that these foods arrive in good condition, transportation is necessary to keep the merchandise at an adequate temperature to guarantee quality food.
Requirements for the transport of fresh products
It is a reality that the transport of fresh food requires meeting high hygiene and safety requirements. When these requirements are provided, the quality status with which the final consumer arrives is guaranteed. And to preserve the quality of fresh or perishable products, you have to understand the transport and logistics phases.
In the transport of fresh products, logistics is perhaps the most important thing. This is a combination of all possible means and methods to successfully carry out fresh food transportation. Logistics forces us to have order and organization to structure all the processes that are involved in the transportation process.
Logistics encompasses all the activities carried out in production even the different national and international markets, which are separated by distance and time. That is why the distance and time factors are really important in logistics. The various activities of the departments involved are concatenated with it.
Logistics ensures that the supply chain can preserve the properties of fresh food. These properties include; color, flavor, and external appearance, either of fruits, vegetables, or vegetables. It is mandatory to pay special attention to the specific characteristics of each product.
The types of trucks with controlled loading
Indeed, according to the International Agreement for the Transport of Perishable Goods ATP, vehicles are classified as ATP. The main characteristic of these trucks is that both space and the temperature are controlled. This temperature is set from the moment the cargo is collected until it is delivered.
The refrigerated truck is one that has a device that brings cold to the inside of the cargo box. Thanks to this, you can reduce the temperature inside the box and keep it stable. Depending on the food being transported, the vehicle regulates and maintains the temperature between 12 ° C and -20 ° C.
For its part, the Isothermal truck does not have a unit that allows lowering the temperature. It simply has insulation on the walls, floor, and ceiling inside the merchandise section. Due to this, the indoor temperature remains well below the outdoor temperature.
The refrigerated truck is one that can reduce the temperature inside and can preserve it by means of dry ice tanks or eutectic plates. Suppose the outside temperature is not higher than 30 ° C or lower than -20 ° C. In these temperature-controlled vehicles, it is imperative that the doors remain closed.
Transport difficulties with controlled temperature
Another important aspect is the distribution of components for refrigeration systems for transportation. The figures indicate that the fleet of vehicles has grown, and maintenance is required if it is to be permanently active. Just as it is also important is the seasonality of the activity.